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Influenza Vaccination for 2012/2013

Influenza Vaccination for 2012/2013

Toward the end of each year, upper respiratory tract infections, especially Influenza become prevalent in our locality.  There are two peak seasons for flu epidemic in Hong Kong, January to March and July to August.  Symptoms of influenza include have fever, cough, runny nose, sore throat, malaise and stomach upset etc.  Occasionally there are complications like pneumonia, bronchitis and otitis media of which the patient may need antibiotic therapy as well as hospitalization.

In order to prevent Influenza effectively, the Department of Health of HKSAR recommends children >6 months to < 6 years should receive influenza vaccine.  This will lower the chance of getting influenza and minimize the occurrence of complications.  The patient should receive the flu vaccine between October to December.  If your kid has not received any flu vaccine before, he or she should get two doses: one month apart (e.g. 1st dose in October and the 2nd dose in November).  For subsequent years, one dose is enough.

The components of influenza vaccine are made according the World Health Organization’s recommendations every year.

Our clinic will provide two types of Influenza vaccines, namely intramuscular injection and nasal spray.


Intramuscular Injection

(Traditional flushot)


Nasal Spray

(Intranasal Flu Vaccine)


Target group

>6 months to Adults

> 2 yr to 49 yr

Subjects NOT fit to receive

Allergic to egg, Gentamicin, Gelatin & Arginine; previous allergic reaction to flu vaccine


  1. History of wheezy or asthma
  2. Patient on aspirin

Additional benefit


  1. Enhanced protection for upper airway via direct local stimulation of the upper airway by the spray
  2. No “needle fear” and pain













小孩患有一次發燒抽筋後,約有百分之三十的機會將來有第二次復發。 若小孩抽筋的時間很長,在同一次病患中有兩次或以上的抽筋,及抽筋的類別屬於局部的抽筋,這表示小孩將來發展為癲癇症的機會略高而己。



Vaccination Programme In Hong Kong *

Baby can receive routine vaccination in Private Paediatricians or in Family Health Service Centre run by the Department of Health.  Private Paediatricians would provide a few more vaccinations of which the Department of Health does not cover.

Family Health Service Centre

Private Paediatrician

Vaccine Type

  • Hepatitis B
  • Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus-Polio
  • Mumps-Measles-Rubella
  • Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus-Polio Booster
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
  • Chickenpox (starting in 2014)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus-Polio-Hib (5 in 1)
  • Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus-Polio-Hib-Hep B (6 in 1)
  • Mumps-Measles-Rubella
  • Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus-Polio Booster
  • Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib)
  • Pneumoccocal Conjugate Vaccine
  • Chickenpox
  • Rotavirus
  • Seasonal Influenza
  • Hepatitis A
  • Meningococcal
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Mumps-Measles-Rubella-Varicella Vaccine


Private Paediatricians usually provide vaccination in form of combined vaccines e.g. Infanrix-IPV-Hib (5 in 1) or Infanrix-hexa (6 in 1).  These would minimize the number of shots and episodes of fever after injections.

What is Hib Vaccine?  Should we receive this vaccine?

Hib vaccine stands for Haemophilus Influenzae type b vaccine.  Hib can cause acute epiglottitis, meningitis and septicaemia, which could further cause significant morbidity and mortality.  Although this disease is relatively rare in Chinese, the best prevention is still the primary vaccination.

Can my baby visit Family Health Service Centre to get the primary vaccination and come back to Dr Woo’s Clinic for mop-up vaccination?

Of course, yes.

The following table illustrates the mop-up vaccines that your baby can receive in our clinic if you want to have these three additional ones for your baby.  In many developed countries, Hib and Rotavirus vaccines are considered as routine immunization in the national immunization programme.

Other vaccines of which parents can consider for the baby include Influenza vaccine, Hepatitis A vaccine, Meningococcal vaccine and Human Papilomavirus vaccine.  Since the development of vaccine changes quickly, we will keep you updated.